Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the MLA Handbook, 8th ed.
When referencing the lines of only one character, follow the guidelines for poetry and prose.
When quoting a conversation between two or more characters in a play, start the quote on a new line, indented 1/2 an inch from the left margin. Write the name of the first speaker in capital letters, followed by a period and the speaker's line(s). Do the same for the next speaker(s) as necessary.
If the quote you are using for one of the speakers continues onto another line, it is indented an additional amount.
OTHELLO. I will deny thee nothing!
Whereon I do beseech thee grant me this,
To leave me but a little to myself.
DESDEMONA. Shall I deny you? No. Farewell, my lord. (3.3.83-85)
When citing prose plays, use the page number first, followed by a semicolon and then other identifying information (e.g. Miller 9; Act 1). When citing verse plays with line numbers provided, use those instead of page numbers, separating division numbers with a period (see example above).
Formatting direct quotations is an entire art when it comes to writing a school or college essay. MLA writing style is the simplest, but you still have to know how to add citations properly, especially when talking about the poem. The poem is something different from prose by its nature. Thus, the formatting rules are a bit different. We recommend citing a poem in MLA style.
First, a student has to realize why it is crucial to quote a poetry. Often, various essays are assigned to the students of English Literature or Arts class:
- Critical thinking
- Compare & contrast
You may first read about the best ways to get ready with your homework as fast as possible.
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Reasons to Cite Quotes from Poem
To prove your words and the fact that you have read the story, it is critical to insert direct and indirect quotes from the selected MLA poem. To cite means to apply exact words of the discussed authors in your academic essay. Under the MLA writing style, a student should develop quotations in various ways. It all depends on the length.
- Short quotations from poetry include less than 3 lines (for prose, 4 lines are used). Example from Edgar Allan Poe is:
As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
Tis some visitor,' I muttered, `tapping at my chamber door -
Only this, and nothing more
- Long quotations have to be more than 3 lines of the literary piece (or 4 lines of prose). You will have to cite multiple paragraph quotes. The example of such quote to cite may be the lines by DeFord:
The broken hearts of yesterday
But wait, be still, don't lose this way
Affection now, for what you guess
May be something more, could be less
Accept my love, live for today.
Moreover, students may sometimes need to insert in-text direct citations to explain or omit words that play no role. Thus, students are not encouraged to cite unnecessary parts.
Without proper research skills, you won't be able to choose the most proper texts to quote, so perfect your research capabilities using these tips.
Format Your Title Properly
Sure thing, it is necessary to start citing a poem correctly from its title. Sometimes quotation marks are used instead of italics. But which way should you choose?
Well, this decision depends on the size of the piece. If you need to cite a short poem, do it this way:
- "Be Proud of Who You Are"
- "Our Brothers"
- "Life's Own Battle"
Longer poems have to be cited in italics. Let's have a look at several examples:
- Tape for the Turn of the Year
- The Sea and the Mirror
- The Age of Anxiety
The titles of short literary pieces are always put in quotation marks. As for the long poems, as you have noticed, their titles are written in italics.
For more ideas on writing an essay, turn to this article.
How to Cite a Poem in MLA?
Working on MLA poem is the simplest task you can picture as it does not require too much time. Instead of reading lengthy manuals, keep to these short guidelines.
- Each time you cite a quotation from a poetry (it can be several words or the whole paragraph), place the citations off with quotation marks around them. Insert parentheses to quote exact words of the author. Always leave punctuation marks like period or comma outside the end parenthesis. The number next to the citation corresponds to the number of the specific line.
"According the lyrics of the author, "and every fair from fair sometime declines" (7).
- If you decide to quote lines that follow each other, type in a virgule (/) to define where the chosen lines "divide". In parenthesis, provide the first and last name of the author, breaking them apart with the help of a hyphen.
- In case you should include more than 4 consecutive lines, apply "long quotation"; or so-called blockquote. Print a short signal phrase in the introduction of your quote; indent it two times; double space; leave punctuation marks the way they appear in the original text.
- Other elements of formatting appear the way you would cite a prose with the rights reserved.
- Whatever you quote, always proofread and edit the way you cited quotations if necessary.
How to Cite Short Direct Quotations from Poems in MLA?
Before writing, one has to learn the basic rules of the corresponding format when citing a poem. You may have a look at the valuable example or find a good book dedicated to academic writing styles. Sure thing, you must read the poetry as well. Otherwise, you won't know which parts have to be chosen for your essay and quoted properly.
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Before you cite a poem, pay attention to how long the selected quotes are to identify their type. As it was said above, short quotes from poetry are those that involve less than three lines of text. Make sure you obey these rules when you decide to cite a quotation from poetry in English paper:
- Apply quotation marks to the direct quote from the chosen literary piece
- Mention the author's initial name, full title (in case of missing author), and page number or line number
- Locate punctuation after the parenthetical quotation
- Add questions or exclamation marks that belong to the citation inside the quotation marks. Leave them outside in case it does not belong to the original writer's words.
- Don't forget about the full reference to the source on the Bibliography page at the end of your MLA essay.
Let's Have a Look at a Sample
Replace breaks with a "/," insert a space before and after the slash mark. Mind that the line of the poem is applied instead of the page number for the parenthetical quotation. The only exception is a work being cited in a secondary source. Capitalize every line of verse intact after the slash mark.
In Adrienne Rich's "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers," Rich says that"Uncle's wedding
band / Sits heavily upon Aunt Jennifer's hand" (7-8). The band evidently is a
sign of the oppression.
Another example is:As he mentioned, "till the leaves went whirling with him / Till the dust and wind together / Swept in eddies round about him" (10-12).
When you cite a poem, you should provide the line numbers only in case your source shares them, in parentheses, just after the ending quotation marks and before the final punctuation.
You can find even more poem's quotations samples online!
How to Cite Long Direct Quotations from Poems in MLA?
If you need to quote a longer part (more than three lines of verse), here are the steps to applying MLA style properly in such case.
- It is recommended to use a free-standing block of text (k.a. block quote)
- Skip quotation marks
- Begin to quote directly from a new line
- Indent the first word of each paragraph only if you have to quote several paragraphs
- Apply double-space in the quote
- Involve parenthetical citation which will follow after the final punctuation
Emily Dickinson concludes "I'm Nobody! Who Are You?" with a characteristically bittersweet stanza:
How dreary to be somebody!
How public, like a frog
To tell your name the livelong June
To an admiring bog! (5-8)
He celebrated his triumph as quoted in these lines of the poem:
he brought in triumph back the beauteous dame,
With whom her sister, fair Emilia, came.
With honour to his home let Theseus ride,
With Love to friend, and Fortune for his guide (9-12).
Other Rules of Citing Poems
The Golden Rule number one states: if the students quote a poem, they must add valuable feedback or comments to explain why particular lines were chosen to share. It is necessary to inform the reader what you make of this specific quote and why it is important in the context of your essay topic.
You can mix quotations into the sentences of your own. They don't have to be added unless you get your reader ready for them. The best way to do so is shown in the example below:
Alexander Pope's pastoral episode is determined by grief and deep depression, due to the fact that spectator, who is asked to "see gloomy clouds obscure the cheerful day' (5), is present at the funeral.
Make in-text citations of MLA poem using ellipses to point the space which included words you decided to skip. There are many examples like 'on the... different shores of the Dream" (23). Each time you make tiny adjustments to grammar, type in brackets (example: The speaker states that "Darkling [he listens]" (51).).
How to Cite a Poem - Final Recommendations
Apply 3-spaced period to highlight omissions. It does not matter whether the quote is long or really short, a student has to modify some of the given information in it to fit the sentence requirements. Skip anything from the poem quotation which sounds insignificant for your main idea. It is simple to exclude unnecessary parts: indicate such parts with 3-spaced periods (...).
Add square brackets in order to include your own interpretations within citations. If you insert words of your authorship to integrate the cited part into your train of discourse or to interpret words that might be ambiguous, paste square-shaped brackets around these words.
Remember: you should not overload your text with quotations from the discussed poem. Quote the words of others without getting too enthusiastic. Direct citations have to occupy only a small part of your entire essay. Paraphrasing or rewriting some words from the poem is a better way to recall certain episodes. Still, poem quotation is one of the best methods to prove you've really read the text.
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