Advantages And Disadvantages Of Living In A City And In The Countryside Essay

Nowadays, a lot of people prefer to live in cities than to live in countryside because they think large cities can provide a great deal of advantages and opportunities for a better life. In my opinion, living in a peaceful countryside is better because of several reasons as below: Firstly, living in the countryside helps you to be closer to the nature that is obviously very good for your health. Houses in the countryside are surrounded by trees, flowers, etc. and they are open to the nature where you can breathe fresh air and enjoy a peaceful life. There, you are woken up by the singing of the birds rather than by the noise from the traffic. Secondly, countryside is a place where you can have friendlier people and good-hearted neighborhoods. In the country, everyone knows everyone and people actually say “hello” when they meet each other. People in the country are really friendlier and are ready to help without asking anything in return.

Thirdly, the cost of living in the countryside is lower than that in cities. People in the countryside can produce their own food, e.g. vegetables, fruits, fishes, meat and so on. I understand that working in the countryside does not earn as much money as working in large cities. However, people in the countryside do not have to waste money on unnecessary things. Finally, country life is easier than city life. Time seems to run more slowly in the country which takes away a great deal of stress that is experienced by city dwellers, who tend to be always in a hurry to somewhere. To sum up, there are always two sides of a coin. Living in the countryside or living in large cities has its own advantages and disadvantages. For me, I prefer the peaceful life in the country because of the above-mentioned points. I wish I can afford to build another happy house surrounded by a nice garden in the countryside when my husband and I get older.

Life in the city is fast-paced and exciting, but, the hustle and bustle of big-city living often comes at the expense of community and living space. The country offers plenty of room, views and immediate contact with nature, however, with the beauty comes the bad. The peace and quiet of the country also means fewer opportunities for students, job seekers and entrepreneurs.

Cities negatively affect attention span, memory and mood.

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Upside of City Living

City residents enjoy a variety of housing types, from townhouses to apartment complexes, housing cooperatives to modern lofts. Communication, via cell phones and internet tend to be more reliable in the city, making it more convenient to live and work. Theaters, museums and dining offer a broad scope of culture and entertainment. City dwellers generally have more access to educational and recreational activities, which also make metropolitan living attractive. Public transportation networks are more prolific, cutting costs and fuel emissions associated with car travel. Urban dwellers have smaller carbon footprints than country dwellers, according to research by the Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program.

Downside of City Living

Densely populated cities can be overwhelming; psychological studies have shown that crowds and mental overstimulation in urban environment increases aggression levels. Air and noise pollution are rife in bustling cities. Housing is at a premium, which causes rent rates to rise, and residents often must live in smaller units with minimal front yard and backyard space. The cost of living is significantly higher, which makes city life more challenging for low- and moderate-income residents. Cities experience higher crime rates and traffic congestion can make traveling to and from daily destinations costly and time consuming.

Countryside Gains

Open spaces, fresh air and unspoiled spaces are some benefits of country living. Research shows that nature and access to fresh goods have a positive effect on health. The cost of living is typically lower in the countryside. Research by the National Low Income Housing Coalition indicates that workers on minimum wage need to work more hours per week to afford an average city rent. Lower rents in the countryside mean that residents can afford to live in bigger houses with more land when compared to city housing.

Country Downside

Some rural communities have lost more than 10 percent of their population over the last two decades as talented young people flock to cities, according to The Chronicle of Higher Education. Residents also have limited access to affordable mortgage financing which raises the cost of homeownership in the countryside, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Salaries are around 20 percent lower than in metropolitan areas and unemployment rates are higher. Nationwide, both unemployment and poverty rates are persistent and more widespread in rural areas, although there are large regional variations.


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