NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 - Carbon and Its Compounds
Get 100 percent accurate NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 (Carbon and Its Compounds) explained by expert Science teachers. We provide step by step solutions for the questions given in Class 10 Science textbook as per CBSE Board guidelines from the latest NCERT book for Class 10 Science. The topics and sub-topics in Chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds
4.1 BONDING IN CARBON – THE COVALENT BOND
4.2 VERSATILE NATURE OF CARBON
4.2.1 Saturated and Unsaturated Carbon Compounds
4.2.2 Chains, Branches and Rings
4.2.3 Will you be my Friend?
4.2.4 Homologous Series
4.2.5 Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds
4.3 CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF CARBON COMPOUNDS
4.3.3 Addition Reaction
4.3.4 Substitution Reaction
4.4 SOME IMPORTANT CARBON COMPOUNDS – ETHANOL AND ETHANOIC ACID
4.4.1 Properties of Ethanol
4.4.2 Properties of Ethanoic Acid
4.5 SOAPS AND DETERGENTS.
We cover all exercises in the chapter given below:-
EXERCISE 4.1 - 2 Questions with Solutions
EXERCISE 4.2 - 5 Questions with Solutions
EXERCISE 4.3 - 2 Questions with Solutions
EXERCISE 4.4 - 2 Questions with Solutions
EXERCISE 4.5 - 2 Questions with Solutions
EXERCISE 4.6 - 15 Questions with Solutions.
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FILL IN THE BLANKS TYPE QUESTION :
1. The ability of carbon atom to link with other carbon atom is known as ..............
2. The hydrocarbons containing only single bonds are known as ..............
3. Aliphatic hydrocarbons have been classified as alkanes, .............. and alkynes.
4. .............. hydrocarbons undergo addition reaction.
5. Isomers have same molecular formula but different .............. formula.
6. Hydrocarbons are insoluble in ..............
7. The next homologue of ethene is ..............
8. During the formation of hydrogen molecule from its atoms, energy is ..............
9. Bond between hydrogen and chlorine in HCl is ..............
10. CH2 = CH2 + H2 CH3 – CH3
11. The general formula of the homologous series of alcohols is ..............
12. The functional group present in ethanol is ..............
13. When ethanol is warmed with alkaline potassium permanganate, the product formed is ..............
14. When a piece of sodium metal is added to ethanol, the gas formed with effervescence is ..............
15. Ethene and ethyene are examples of .............. hydrocarbons.
16. The ..............group in a soap molecule is hydrophilic.
TRUE & FALSE :
1. Methane belongs to the homologous series of alkanes.
2. The compound having the molecular formula C4H10 does not show isomerism.
3. The methane molecule has a pyrmidal shape.
4. Methane undergoes substitution reaction.
5. The consumption of ethanol increases the activity of the body.
6. Ethanoic acid is used in the manufacture of textiles.
7. Alkenes as well as alkynes decolourise bromine water.
8. Vanaspati ghee is obtained by the hydrogenation of vegetable oil.
9. Alkanes undergo substitution reactions.
10. Alkenes and alkynes are unsaturated compounds.
11. Ethanol is oxidised by alkaline KMnO4 to oxalic acid.
12. Detergents give scum with hard water.
13. The polar end in soap is called hydrophilic end.
14. Methanol is safe to be used for drinking purpose.
15. The reaction of ethanol with conc. H2SO4 gives ethane.
16. Carboxylic acids react with alcohols to form esters.
Very short answer type questions :
1. Name an allotrope of carbon which has 60 carbon atoms.
2. What is combustion?
3. What is the nature of substances that produce a flame?
4. The molecular formula of a compound is C2H6O. Name its homologous series.
5. What type of reactions are given by alkanes?
6. What is the composition of natural gas used for cooking?
7. Which of the following open chain compounds can have a double bond?
8. Name an allotrope of carbon which contains both single and double bonds between carbon atoms.
9. Write the name and molecular formula of alcohol derived from butane.
10. What is rectified spirit?
11. Give the name and structural formula of one homologue of HCOOH.
12. Why does hard water not produce foam with soap easily?
13. Name the hydrophobic and hydrophilic ends of a soap.
14. What is a detergent?
15. An organic compound burns with a sooty flame. Is it saturated or unsaturated compound?
Short answer type question :
1. Name any four substance obtained from organic compounds which are used in our daily life.
2. Hydrogen and chlorine react to form hydrochloric acid. Will they form an ionic or covalent bond?
3. How many electrons a carbon atom shares with other carbon atom in the formation of acetylene molecule?Show more